News in Jesuit Studies
The following are notices of significant events related to the field of Jesuit Studies.
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The Institute for Advanced Jesuit Studies has issued a called for papers for its 2022 International Symposium on Jesuit Studies. The theme of the symposium is “The Jesuits and the Church in History.” The event takes place August 1–4 at Boston College. Submissions are due December 6, 2021. More information appears below.
INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON JESUIT STUDIES
The Jesuits and the Church in History
Boston College | August 1–4, 2022
The Roman Catholic Church is the principal milieu within which the Society of Jesus has operated over the course of its history. In order to effectively manage their interactions with the rest of the world, the Jesuits first had to establish, clarify, and cultivate their relations with this wider Catholic environment. This involved different strategies, such as initiating and maintaining good relationships with the hierarchy; collaborating, competing, or interacting with other religious orders and the diocesan clergy; establishing, running, or promoting Catholic institutions and operations. Managing these forms of relationship has proven to be complex. The history of the Society includes moments of success and positive collaboration with the Church; it also contains moments of difficulty, crisis, and even termination, as in the order’s suppression in 1773.
This International Symposium on Jesuit Studies will explore the many aspects of the Society’s relations to the Church, all within the global contexts in which the Jesuit mission grew and operated. This event will be held at Boston College between two other major gatherings of global scope, one being that of the International Federation of Catholic Universities and the second that of the International Association of Jesuit Universities.
The symposium welcomes the submission of paper proposals from across a wide range of themes, periods, and disciplines. Presentations might address such questions as: How has the special vow to the pope influenced the work of the Society at the service of the Church and contributed to the creation of different images of the Society itself? What has the relationship of the hierarchy to the Society revealed about the role of the Jesuits in the Church? What functions did the Society play in the Church’s global mission and how did the Jesuits both cooperate and compete with other religious orders in mission territories? How did politics affect the relationship between the Jesuits and the Church? How have various ecclesially established Jesuit-directed cultural initiatives (including schools, observatories, popular media, research institutes and journals) influenced this relationship? What do educational initiatives of the Society and its intellectual contributions reveal about Jesuit influence on Catholic culture over the course of history? What can we gather about the relationship of Jesuits and the Church from the lives and works of Jesuit saints and luminaries?
Proposals and a narrative CV (together no more than 500 words) are due before the end of Monday, December 6, 2021, with decisions communicated before the end of the year. Proposals for individual papers or panels are accepted. Selected papers may be peer reviewed and published in open access following the event. For further information and to submit proposals, contact the Institute for Advanced Jesuit Studies at email@example.com.
On October 20, the Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities (IASH) hosts a seminar with Anthony E. Clarke, of Whitworth University. The title of Clarke’s presentation is “The Theater of Canonization: The Making of Jesuit Saints in Late Imperial China.” The hybrid event is free and open to the public.
Clarke will consider how the Society of Jesus manufactured “the West’s imagination of ‘China’ from popularizing the Western neologism for Zhonguo in the sixteenth century to the production of Jesuit drama in China that wished to refashion, indeed canonize, Chinese culture both within and beyond the Great Wall.” More information appears below.
The IASH, established in 1969 at the University of Edinburgh, promotes interdisciplinary research in the arts, humanities and social sciences. Learn more about the institute at: https://www.iash.ed.ac.uk/about
Wednesday 20 October
An IASH Work-in-Progress seminar, delivered by Professor Anthony E. Clark (Combe Trust Fellowship 2021; Whitworth University):
The Theater of Canonization: The Making of Jesuit Saints in Late Imperial China
The word “China” is a sixteenth-century Western neologism derived from the name of China’s first imperial dynasty – the Qin 秦, which was commonly Latinized in Jesuit epistolary exchange as “China.” Chinese refer to their own nation as 中國, transliterated as Zhongguo, or the “Middle Kingdom,” and thus the division between how China and the West view the “Middle Kingdom” begins with the fundamental nomenclature self-identification. The Jesuit enterprise during the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties (re)presented China to the West in contours that engendered a romanticized “China” exalted by Enlightenment literati who helped inaugurate the Chinoiserie movement and new modes of intellectual discourse. By the mid-nineteenth century the West’s intellectual and aesthetic admiration for China transmuted into an arrogant disdain, and after the Opium War (1839-1840) Jesuits set themselves once again to (re)presenting China in a fashion that would “redeem” it from the pejorative assessment then dominant in the West. This work-in-progress seminar considers how the Society of Jesus served to manufacture the West’s imagination of “China” from popularizing the Western neologism for Zhonguo in the sixteenth century to the production of Jesuit drama in China that wished to refashion, indeed canonize, Chinese culture both within and beyond the Great Wall.
A small number of seats are available for Fellows in the seminar room, as this talk will be delivered in person. For all other Fellows and guests, please click the link below to join the webinar: https://ed-ac-uk.zoom.us/j/81322391722 ; Passcode: Vr8f3ew2
The Institute for Advanced Jesuit Studies has announced the hosts and themes for the Fall 2021 Jesuit Studies Cafés. The series of informal, remote discussions with the world’s preeminent scholars working on the history, spirituality, and educational heritage of the Society of Jesus presents unique opportunities to learn more about the newest and most interesting scholarship in Jesuit Studies. The fall schedule appears below.
The series is organized in collaboration with the University of Lisbon and the Italian German Historical Institute.
Additional details are available at: https://www.bc.edu/content/bc-web/centers/iajs/programs/jesuit-studies-cafe.html
“Missionary Men in the Early Modern World: German Jesuits and Pacific Journeys”
Ulrike Strasser, Ph.D.
University of California San Diego
Zoom | 9:20 a.m.–10am (Eastern, GMT-4)
How did gender shape the expanding Jesuit enterprise in the early modern world? What did it take to become a missionary man? And how did missionary masculinity align itself with the European colonial project? Missionary Men in the Early Modern World: German Jesuits and Pacific Journeys highlights the central importance of male affective ties and masculine mimesis in the formation of the Jesuit missions, as well as the significance of patriarchal dynamics. Focusing on previously neglected German actors, Strasser shows how stories of exemplary male behavior circulated across national boundaries, directing the hearts and feet of men throughout Europe toward Jesuit missions in faraway lands. The sixteenth-century Iberian exemplars of Ignatius of Loyola and Francis Xavier, disseminated in print and visual media, inspired late-seventeenth-century Jesuits from German-speaking lands to bring Catholicism and European gender norms to the Spanish-controlled Pacific. The age of global missions hinged on the reproduction of missionary manhood in print and real life.
Ulrike Strasser is a professor of history at the University of California San Diego. Her publications include the award-winning monograph State of Virginity: Gender, Religion, and Politics in an Early Modern Catholic State (University of Michigan Press, 2004).
“The Education of a Historian: A Strange and Wonderful Story”
John O’Malley, S.J.
Zoom | 9:20 a.m.–10am (Eastern, GMT-4)
In this autobiographical memoir, John W. O’Malley recounts how his life-story is unintelligible apart from his craft as an historian and from the passion his craft inspired. The narrative is the straightforward story of how a young man of modest background from a small town in Ohio achieved international eminence as a historian of the religious culture of modern Europe. In some detail, therefore, this book tells how four of the twelve monographs that O’Malley published during his career had field-changing influence: Praise and Blame in Renaissance Rome (1979), The First Jesuits (1993), Trent and All That (2000), and What Happened at Vatican II (2008). The book is, however, much more than a tedious review of scholarship. It teaches the reader lessons in historical method and lessons in what good history does for us. They are lessons easy to digest because they are taught not by abstract principles, but by following a historian in action as he learns in fits and starts how to interpret the past in ways that do less injustice to it than other ways.
John O’Malley is University Professor in the Theology Department at Georgetown University. His specialty is the history of religious culture in early modern Europe, especially Italy. He has received best-book prizes from the American Historical Association, the American Philosophical Society, the Sixteenth Century Studies Conference, the American Catholic Historical Association, and from the Alpha Sigma Nu fraternity.
“Veronica and her devils. Jesuits, exorcism and medicine in Nineteenth Century Rome”
Fernanda Alfieri, Ph.D.
University of Bologna, Italy
Zoom | 9:20 a.m.–10am (Eastern, GMT-5)
In December 1834, a small group gathered in a house near the Ghetto in Rome. A Jesuit father and a brother, along with a physician, entered the apartment where a famous family of artists lived, and surrounded the bed where a young woman aged 19 layed-down. Her name was Veronica, and she was affected by symptoms that her family and social environment had defined as demonic possession. From that day of December, for six months, exorcists and doctors visited the young girl every day. What was at stake was not only her deliverance from the devil, but the very identity of the Society of Jesus, restored twenty years before, and the capability of medicine to heal both bodies and souls. The research was carried out starting from the documentation stored in the General Archives of the Society of Jesus in Rome (ARSI), and led its author not only to an investigation of the case, but also to question the nature of historical writing and the very nature of the discipline. The supposed demonic crises of Veronica provoked many other crises. After all, “Deviltries are at once symptoms and transitional solutions. The ‘diabolical crisis’ has a double significance: it reveals the imbalance of a culture, and it accelerates the process of its mutation. It is not merely an object of historical curiosity. It is the confrontation (one among others, though more visible than others) of a society with the certainties it is losing, and those it is attempting to acquire” (M. de Certeau, The possession at Loudun).
Fernanda Alfieri is a researcher at the University of Bologna and on leave Fellow of the Istituto Storico Italo-Germanico in Trento, Fondazione Bruno Kessler. She was Invited scholar at the Center of Excellence for the History of Emotions (Perth and Melbourne nodes) and the Institute for European Medieval and Renaissance Studies, Waseda University, Tokyo, and Visiting scholar at the Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung, Gefühle Geschichte, Berlin. Among her publications: Nella camera degli sposi. Tomás Sánchez, il matrimonio, la sessualità (secoli XVI-XVII), Bologna, il Mulino, 2010; Veronica e il diavolo. Storia di un esorcismo a Roma, Torino, Einaudi, 2021; with T. Jinno, Christianity and Violence in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Period. Perspectives from Europe and Japan, Berlin, De Gruyter, 2021.
“A Global Earth in the Classroom: Jesuit Education and Geographic Literacy at the Dawn of Globalization”
David Salomoni, Ph.D.
University of Lisbon, Portugal
Zoom | 9:20 a.m.–10am (Eastern, GMT-5)
Between the sixteenth and the seventeenth centuries two processes of great importance for world history came to an end. The first was the impulse given by the Iberian monarchies to the exploration of the earth. In 1522, the expedition started by Ferdinand Magellan had completed the first circumnavigation of the world, but it was only from the second half of the century that a series of stable colonies between Asia, Africa, and America gave birth to an actual global system. The process was completed in 1565 when a stable maritime route from East Asia to West America was established thanks to the Manila Galleon. In an apparently different domain, in 1599 the Jesuit Ratio Studiorum, the most important rule of study in Catholic Europe, was completed. Following the Jesuit example, other religious teaching orders developed their rules of study. What was the connection between these two phenomena? Did the process of exploration of the world—and the emergence in this process of new scientific concepts—influence the way in which knowledge was produced and transmitted? This talk aims at deepening the reflection whether the process of the first globalization influenced the making of the epistemological foundations underlying modern science through Jesuit pre-university schools.
David Salomoni holds a PhD in history from the University of Avignon, and a PhD in pedagogy and history of education from the University of Rome III. In 2017 he started research on the educational institutions of religious teaching orders in early modern Italy and in 2019 he was awarded an Andrew Mellon Fellowship at the University of Oklahoma History of Science Collections. At present, he holds a post-doctoral position at the History of Science Department of the University of Lisbon in the framework of the ERC funded project: RUTTER Making the Earth Global, under the direction of Prof. Henrique Leitão. The project studies early modern Iberian nautical rutters as the oldest sources on the emergence of the idea of a global earth. Dr. Salomoni has published several articles and books. In 2017 he was awarded the Galileo Galilei Prize for young scholars by the Rotary International.